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Building Material Testing

Providing you the best range of aggregate testing, cement testing, marble and granite testing, paint and coating testing, refractory testing and steel testing with effective & timely delivery.

Aggregate Testing


Aggregate Testing
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10% Fine Value

All aggregate is required to meet a minimum strength valve, as defined by the 10% value test. This and other specifications ensure that only the highest quality materials are being used on construction projects. Test Method IS 2386 (P-4)1963

Alkali Aggregate Reactivity

Alkali-aggregate reaction is a term mainly referring to a reaction which occurs over time in concrete between the highly alkaline cement paste and non-crystalline silicon dioxide, which is found in many common aggregates. This reaction can cause expansion of the altered aggregate, leading to spalling and loss of strength of the concrete.
Test Method IS 2386 (P-7) 1963

Chloride Content

The total chloride content of aggregate is usually measured to assess whether the aggregate''s contribution to the total chloride content of a concrete mix will be low enough to prevent the early onset of corrosion of any embedded steel reinforcement.
Test Method IS 4032-1985

Clay Lumps and friable Particles

This test helps in determining the percentage of clay lumps and friable particles in aggregate. Clay lumps in aggregate shall be defined as any particles or aggregation of particles which when thoroughly wet can be distorted when squeezed between the thumb and forefinger, or will disintegrate into individual grain sizes when immersed for a short period in water. Friable particles are defined as particles which vary from the basic aggregate particles in that they may either readily disintegrate under normal handling and mixing pressures imposed upon them by construction procedures, or break down after being incorporated into the work.
Test Method IS 2386 (P-2) 1963

Clay Slit and Dust passing/ Sieve

This test helps in determining the of a granular material. The size distribution is often of critical importance to the way the material performs in use. A sieve analysis can be performed on any type of non-organic or organic granular materials including sands, crushed rock, clays, granite, feldspars, coal and soil, a wide range of manufactured powders, grain and seeds, down to a minimum size depending on the exact method. Being such a simple technique of particle sizing, it is probably the most common.
Test Method?? IS 2386 (P-2) 1963??

Compaction Fraction

This test helps in determining the compaction percentage of an aggregate when loose compared to the same aggregate compacted in a standard manner. It is useful in assessing an aggregate''s when placed loosely, for example, as a pipe surround material. Aggregate suitable for use as pipe bedding would display a low compaction fraction, indicating it reaches a state of near full compaction under loose placement.
Test Method??

Crushing Value

The Aggregate Crushing Value offers a related measure of the resistance of an average to crushing under a compressive load that is gradually applied.??
Test Method?? IS 9376-1979, IS 2386 (P-4)1963

Drying Shrinkage

Drying shrinkage is defined as the contracting of a hardened concrete mixture due to the loss of capillary water. This shrinkage causes an increase in tensile stress, which may lead to cracking, internal warping, and external deflection, before the concrete is subjected to any kind of loading.
Test Method??

Flakiness and Elongation Index

Flakey is the term applied to aggregate or chippings that are flat and thin with respect to their length or width, Aggregate particles are said to be flakey when their thickness is less than 0.6 of their mean size. The flakiness index is found by expressing the weight of the flakey aggregate as a percentage of the aggregate tested.
Test Method?? IS 2386 (P-1) 1963

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Cement Testing


Cement Testing
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Product Details:
Material TypeCement
Test Report Required3 to 7 Days

Chemical analysis

Chemical analysis of hardened concrete can provide a wealth of information about the mix constituents and possible causes of deterioration. Standard methods can be used to find the cement content and original water/cement ratio, but many other properties can also be established; Cement Content and Aggregate Cement Ratio, Cement Content and Pulverised fuel ash/fly ash (pfa) content, Cement Content and Slag content, Water/Cement Ratio, Aggregate Grading, Determination of the presence of High-Alumina Cement (HAC)
Test Method IS 4032-1985

Compressive strength

The most common strength test, compressive strength, is carried out on a 50 mm (2-inch) cement mortar test specimen. The test specimen is subjected to a compressive load (usually from a hydraulic machine) until failure.
Test Method IS 4031 (P-6) 1988


The fineness of cement has an important bearing on the rate of hydration and hence on the rate of gain of strength and also on the rate of evolution of heat. Greater fineness increases the surface available for hydration, causing greater early strength and more rapid generation of heat. Cement fineness play a major role in controlling concrete properties. Fineness of cement affects the place ability, workability, and water content of a concrete mixture much like the amount of cement used in concrete does.
Test Method IS 4031 (P-2)1990

Heat of Hydration

When cement is mixed with water, heat is liberated. This heat is called the heat of hydration, the result of the exothermic chemical reaction between cement and water. The heat generated by the cementa???(TM)s hydration raises the temperature of concrete.
Test Method 4031 (P-9) 1988

Loss On Ignition

This test helps in determining the inorganic analytical chemistry, particularly in the analysis of minerals. It consists of strongly heating ("igniting") a sample of the material at a specified temperature, allowing volatile substances to escape, until its mass ceases to change.
Test Method IS 4032-1985

Setting Time

Initial setting time is the time that elapsed from the instance of adding water until the paste ceases to behave as fluid or plastic. Whereas final setting time referred to the required for the cement paste to reach certain state of hardness to sustain some load.
Test Method IS 4031 (P-5) 1996


Soundness refers to the ability of a hardened cement paste to retain its volume after setting. Lack of soundness is observed in the cement samples containing excessive amount of hard burnt free lime or magnesia.
Test Method IS 4031 (P-3) 1990

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Marble and Granite Testing


Marble and Granite Testing
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Water absorption

The amount of water that a refractory can absorb is measured by the water absorption test. The results of water absorption tests are used for quality assurance.
Test Method IS 1124-1974, IS 13030-1991, ASTM C 97-2009

Mohs Hardness

This test helps in determining the hardness of rock. Because granite is a??rock??composed of multiple minerals, only crystals of specific minerals within the granite would be tested for hardness.
Test Method IS 13630 (P-13) 2006

Modulus Rapture

The modulus of rupture (MOR) is the maximum surface stress in a bent beam at the instant of failure. One might expect this to be exactly the same as the strength measured in tension, but it is always larger because the volume subjected to this maximum stress is small, and the probability of a large flaw lying in the highly stressed region is also small.
Test Method IS ASTM C 99-2009, IS 1578 (P-5)1993

Dimension Testing

This test is done to check the dimensional stability of the rock.
Test Method IS 1130-1969, IS 3316-1974, IS 14223 (P-1) 1995, IS 3622-1977, ASTM C 625, 616, 629, 503

Thermal shock test

Thermal shock is the name given to cracking as a result of rapid temperature change. Glass and ceramic objects are particularly vulnerable to this form of failure, due to their low toughness, low thermal conductivity, and high thermal expansion coefficients. However, they are used in many high temperature applications due to their high melting point.
Test Method IS 13630 (P-5)2006, EN-104, ISO 10545 (P-4)

PVC Flooring tile

PVC Flooring provides dust-free, noise absorbing, resilient, non-porous, decorative surface. It shall consist of a thoroughly blended composition of thermoplastic binder, filler and pigments.
Test Method IS 3461

Frost Resistance

Ceramic tile frost resistance is defined as the ability of ceramic tile to withstand freeze/thaw conditions with minimal effect. The frost resistance of ceramic tile is dependent on the tile''''s porosity and water absorption levels. Frost damage can occur when the variety of ceramic tile absorbs moisture through its pores, causing the water to freeze internally when temperatures drop. Since water expands when it freezes, tension is then exerted inside the body of the ceramic tile. This internal pressure may become high enough to cause cracks in the ceramic tile.??
Test Method IS 13630 (P-10), BS EN 12371

Chemical Resistance test

This test is done to determine the ability of the grade of granite used by a1-safetech to resist chemical attack.
Test Method

Breaking Strength

Rocks are considerably weaker in tension than in compression. Characterizing tensile strength of rocks thus is of great importance in many engineering and geophysical applications. Tensile strength is defined as the failure of stress.
Test Method IS 13630 (P-6)2006, IS 4457-2007

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Paint And Coating Testing


Paint And Coating Testing
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Abrasion Resistance, Adhesion, Alkali Resistance of Paint, Cass Test, Chemical Resistance, Chip Resistance, Coating Hardness, Coating Surface roughness/Profile, Coating Thickness, Condensing Humidity, Crosshatch Adherence, Cyclic Corrosion, Drying Time, Failure Analysis, Falling Weight, Flexibility, Free Falling Sand Abrasion, FTIR, Gloss (60deg.C), Hardness, Impact resistance, Moisture Content, Peel, Penetration Resistance, Salt Spray, Scratch Resistance, Scrubbing Resistance, Spark Testing, XENON Arc, Volatile Content, Water Content, Water Resistance.
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Refractory Testing


Refractory Testing
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Creep Test

Creep testing of materials at high temperatures is a very important field of study at many levels of industry.?? Accurate high temperature creep data is absolutely essential for the proper design and construction of any structural element operating at elevated temperatures.?? As such, ways of improving upon conventional creep testing methods at high temperature are highly sought after.
Test Method IS 1528 (P-18)1993

Permanent Linear Change

This test helps in determining the critical linear markings and measurements in green condition, after drying and after firing. The permanent change in dimensions is measured as permanent linear change.
Test Method IS 1528 (P-6)1974

Pyrometric Cone Equivalent

This test helps in determining the fireclay variations, mining control, and developing raw material specifications.
Test Method

Refractories Under Load

This test helps in determining the deformation behavior of refractory ceramic products subjected to a constant load and increasing temperature.
Test Method ISO 1893

Abrasion Test

This test helps in determining the relative abrasion resistance of refractory brick at room temperature. This test method can also be applied to castable refractories.
Test Method

Air permeability Test

This test helps in determining the measurement of the air permeability of textile fabrics. This test method applies to most fabrics including woven fabrics, nonwoven fabrics, air bag fabrics, blankets, napped fabrics, knitted fabrics, layered fabrics, and pile fabrics. The fabrics may be untreated, heavily sized, coated, resin-treated, or otherwise treated.
Test Method

Petrographic analysis by Optical Microscopy

This test helps in determining the the microscopic analysis of materials using thin sections or polished surfaces.
Test Method

Acid Resistance Test

This test helps in determining the acid resistance capacity of the refractory material.
Test Method IS 4860-1968

Thermal Conductivity

Thermal conductivity depends upon the chemical and mineralogical compositions as well as the glassy phase contained in the refractory and the application temperature. The conductivity usually changes with rise in temperature. In cases where heat transfer is required though the brick work, for example in recuperators, regenerators, muffles, etc. the refractory should have high conductivity. Low thermal conductivity is desirable for conservation of heat by providing adequate insulation.
Test Method IS 1528 (P-16)1991

Particle Size

This test helps in determining the percentile quantity of particles of known diameter within a sample. The specimen can be either passed through a set of standard sieves in its natural state, or if a significant amount of binding material is present, such as clay, then the sample can first be washed over a small aperture sieve to remove the binding material.
Test Method IS 1528 (P-14) 1974

Water absorption

The amount of water that a refractory can absorb is measured by the water absorption test. The results of water absorption tests are used for quality assurance.
Test Method IS 3495 (P-2)1992

Apparent Porosity

Apparent porosity, water absorption, apparent specific gravity, and bulk density are primary properties of burned refractory brick and shapes. These properties are widely used in the evaluation and comparison of product quality and as part of the criteria for selection and use of refractory products in a variety of industrial applications.
Test Method IS 1528 (P-8)1974

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Steel Testing


Steel Testing
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Bend Test

This test helps in determining the ductility, but it cannot be considered as a quantitative means of predicting service performance in bending operations. The severity of the bend test is primarily a function of the angle of bend and inside diameter to which the specimen is bent, and of the cross-section of the specimen. These conditions are varied according to location and orientation of the test specimen and the chemical composition, tensile properties, hardness, type, and quality of the steel specified.
Test Method??IS 1599-1985, IS 2329-2005, IS 3600 (P-5,6)1983


The elongation is the increase in length of the gage length, expressed as a percentage of the original gage length. In reporting elongation values, give both the percentage increase and the original gage length.
Test Method??IS 3600 (P-3)1989, ASME 5EC-lX

Ultimate Tensile Strength

This test helps in determining the maximum stress that a material can withstand while being stretched or pulled before necking, which is when the specimen''s cross-section starts to significantly contract.??
Test Method??ASTM A36, IS 1608-2005

0.2% Proof stress / Yield stress

Yield strength is the lowest stress that produces a permanent deformation in a material. In some materials, like aluminium alloys, the point of yielding is hard to define, thus it is usually given as the stress required causing 0.2% plastic strain. This is called a 0.2% proof stress.
Test Method??ASTM E8 M-09

Rebend Test

The purpose of re-bend test is to measure the effect of strain ageing on steel.??
Test Method??IS 1786-1986

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Wood Testing


Wood Testing
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Modulus of rupture

Modulus of rupture is the maximum load carrying capacity of a member. It is generally used in tests of bending strength to quantify the stress required to cause failure. It is reported in units of psi.
Test Method IS 1734 (P-11)1983, RA-2003, IS 1708 (P-5) 1985

Modulus of elasticity

This test helps in determining the flexural stiffness and modulus of elasticity properties of wood-based materials by nondestructive testing using transverse vibration in the vertical direction.
Test Method IS 1734 (P-11)1983, RA-2003, IS 1708 (P-5)1985

Internal bond strength

The purpose of this test is to design a compression shear device for easy and fast measurement of the bonded shear strength of wood-based materials.
Test Method IS 1734 (P-4) 1983, RA-2003

Moisture content

This test helps in determining the moisture content (MC) of solid wood, veneer, and other wood-base materials, including those that contain adhesives and chemical additives.
Test Method IS 1734 (P-1) 1983, RA-2003


Analyzing tree density can serve great ecological and scientific function. The tools used to accumulate this knowledge are generally uncomplicated and minimize any ensuing damage done to tree specimens.
Test Method 1708 (P-2)1986, RA-2008

Bending strength

In bending, it is assumed that wood is linearly elastic for low values of stress, i.e., the stress and strain are proportional to each other and produce an elastic or straight-line plot on the typical stress-strain curve.
Test Method IS 1734 (P-11) 1983

Compression strength

The box compression test (bct) measures the compressive strength of boxes made of corrugated fiberboard as well as wooden boxes and crates. It provides a plot of deformation vs compressive force . Containers other than boxes can also be subjected to compression testing drum, pail, etc.
Test Method

Wood-based panels

This test helps in determining the structural panels of uniform properties within a panel. It is useful for evaluating plywood of clear, straight-grained veneers, and determining the effect of chemical or preservative treatments, construction, principal direction with respect to direction of stress, and other variables that are expected to uniformly influence the panel.
Test MethodIS 4020 (P-1 to 16)1998


This test helps in determining the quantity of water absorbed in a specified time through the surface of an overlaid wood-based panel. The test method measures the rate of water weight gain within a controlled surface area of the overlaid panel surface when exposed to standing water.¿¿
Test Method¿¿ ASTM D 5795.

Swelling in thickness

This test helps in determining the effect of ambient environment, temperature and relative humidity, on the hygroscopic thickness swelling rate of wood fiberboard and wood fiber/polymer composites. A swelling model describing the thickness swelling process of composites exposed to water vapor conditions was developed, from which the parameter,¿¿KSR, can be used to quantify the swelling rate.
Test Method IS 2380 (P-17)1977, RA-203

Ability to hold a screw

The ability to hold screws in both face and edges is an important attribute of wood.
Test Method IS 2380 (P-14)1977, RA-2003, IS 1708 (P-15)1986

Dimensions stability

Dimensional stability is measured by noting the length, width and thickness of the test pieces after conditioning to constant mass at 35% rh, 25 DegreeC and after conditioning at 85% rh, 25 DegreeC. The dimensional stability is expressed as the sum of the percentage changes in each dimension between these limits.
Test Method IS 4020 (P-3)1998

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